Learn About Driving Test Syllabus of DSA
1. Eyesight, safety and codes
- Eyesight: pupils must be able to read a number plate from the prescribed distance
- Vehicle safety: pupils must be able to demonstrate how to check the condition and safety of a number of the car's component
- Highway code: pupils must demonstrate the rules how to apply
2. Controlled stop
Pupils must be able to stop their vehicle safely, promptly and under full control. Firm, progressive braking should result in a prompt and safe stop. Avoid braking so harshly and if vehicle is with anti-lock braking system it will activated, always remember to be stopped with full control.
3. Reverse left into a limited opening
- Under control: taking account of any gradients, full control should be maintained throughout.
- With proper observation: all-round checks should be made throughout and pupils should respond to the presence of other road users. this mean giving them priority
- Reasonably accurately: pupils should be able to maintain a reasonable degree of accuracy throughout and end in a safe position
4. Reverse right into a limited opening
- Under control: as for the left reverse pupils should take account of any gradients and maintain full control throughout
- With proper observation: as manoevuring on the wrong side of the road pupils must pay particular attention to the front, responding to the presence of the other road users
- Reasonably accurately: as an experienced driver , pupils may switch the focus of their observation from offside to rear to nearside in order to maintain a reasonable degree of accuracy and this will help to keep up to date with the presence of others
5. Reverse parking (on the road, parking bay)
- Under control: take account of any gradients and maintain full control throughout
- With proper observation: as pupils may be manoeuvring into more confined space from the middle of the road, pupils must pay particular attention to the front, responding to the presence of the other road users.
- Reasonably accurately: pupils need to steer into the space accurately and finish up with their vehicle straight whether reversing on the road or into a parking bay
6. Turn in the road
- Under control: take account of any gradients and maintain full control throughout
- With proper observation: keep checking in all directions and give other road users priority when appropriate
- Reasonably accurately: pupils should be able to complete this manoeuvre in three movements but some narrow roads it takes five movements
7. Take proper precautions
Before starting the engine, make habit of checking that the parking brakes are secure and the gear level is in neutral before starting the engine. pupils must retain full control of their vehicle at all time.
Pupils should make proper use of following
- Accelerator: progressive, gentle and good accelerator sense should result in full control, a smooth ride and economical use of fuel.
- Clutch: good clutch control should be demonstrated without excessive wear and tear.
- Gears: selective changing up and down the box should be employed to suit the circumstances and to result in maximum fuel economy
- Foot brake: always remember progressive use of the brakes should result in smooth stopping
- Parking brakes: used for those stops likely to last for more than a few seconds
- Steering: an efficient pull-push method should be used to give maximum efficiency, leverage and control
9. Move off
Full observation should be made to ensure that no other road users are effected and full control should be maintained when moving away in all situation-level, uphill, downhill and at angle
10. Use of mirror
- Signalling: mirror should be check always before making any decision to signal
- Changing direction: no action to change direction should be taken unless you are absolutely sure that you will not affecting other road user
- Changing speed: always be sure of all round situation before changing speed
- MSM: Always use MSM routine effectively
11. Giving signals
- Where necessary: if any other road user would benefit from a signal, use one if appropriate and if you have time and your window is open consider giving an arm signal for stopping at a zebra crossing if you think an oncoming driver or pedestrian might benefit
- Correctly: use only correct and clear signals
- Properly timed: signal should be timed so as not to confuse
Where there are parked vehicles, work out whose priority it should be, but also anticipate what is the oncoming driver is likely to do. Priority really matter if the other driver is determined to take the road space. Some time it is courteous to make positive decision to give way.
13. Response to sign and signals
- Traffic signs: road signs are there for your information and guidance. Always try to respond to them early by checking mirrors and taking the appropriate action. check for signs whenever you are approaching a different type of road and make sure you always aware of the speed limit
- Road marking: RMs are also guidance. Always look and plan well ahead respond to hazard warning lines by checking mirrors and looking for any possible dangers. Always plan early for any line change and be aware of any stop line.
- Traffic lights: plan your approach always according to the color already showing and remember they could change any moment. Always check your mirror, adjust your speed and be preparing for further action. Pupils should have good knowledge of traffic light
- Signals given by the traffic controllers: obey any signal given by the authorized persons such as police officer and school petrol warden
- Other road users: make sure if another driver is signaling to turn into your road that they are actually going to turn. similarly if other driver flashes their head light donít just proceed without checking all-round safety
14. Use of speed
Speed limits are not targets and although pupils should make proper progress. Speed should dictated not only by limit for the road but also by the weather condition, road surface, other traffic and any pedestrian activity.
15. Following distance
Always keep a safe distance and leave a gap of at least metre for every mph of you speed. Use two second rule and in wet condition double this distance.
16. Maintain progress
drive at realistic speed appropriate to the road and traffic condition. Approach all hazard at a safe and controlled speed. be ready to move away promptly from junction. When you have to stop keep looking all directions for a suitable gap in the traffic and be ready to move your vehicle into it smoothly.
- Speed on approach: try to time your arrival at junctions in accordance with the sightlines .that is, if junction is opening up ,without slowing down excessively, give yourself time to start early observations
- Observation: you cannot make any safe decision to proceed until you have looked properly in all directions. at crossroads, keep looking in all direction-even when you priority. On the approach to T-junctions ,as soon as sightlines begin to open upon matter in which direction, start looking and keep looking on both direction until you are absolutely sure that you will not affect another road user
- Approaching traffic: your actions should never make another driver slow down or change direction. Before making any decision to cross another driverís path always make sure that you have enough time and also make sure you know whatís happening in the new road
- Turning right: when turning from main roads if there is sufficient width for two vehicles on either side, make sure you position your vehicle so as not to hold up the following traffic. make sure you know whatís happening in the new road before you commit yourself to turning in. when emerging from wide roads, position yourself just to the left of the centre line so as not to impede the flow of left turning traffic and if road is narrow keep further to left to allow more room for others
- Turning left: whether turning in or emerging always maintain your normal position almost about a meter from the kerb and allow plenty of room for the rear wheels to clear the kerb.
- Cutting corners: make sure position of your vehicle is correct, according to the width of the road and if you have to wait for oncoming traffic, that you wait just short of the point of turn. and if there are parked vehicles near the end of the road marking an ideal turning is impossible , proceed a little farther forward prior to turning
- Allow adequate clearance to stationary vehicles and obstructions, allow sufficient room for doors opening ,drivers movements without signaling or people walking between vehicles, this means you should in deal circumstances and be allowing about a metreís clearance
- When meeting other traffic and width of the road is restricted be prepared to give way no matter whose priority Always remember the oncoming driver may not be as courteous as you are, if there are vehicles parked on both sides but there is room to proceed through then allow an equal amount of clearance to both side. and on road where is need to maintain eth traffic flow but cannot give the ideal clearance then slow down and drive through cautiously
- Overtaking is the most dangerous manoeuvre. Before you decide to overtake you should make sure that is it safe, legal and necessary? Always allow plenty of room for motorcyclist and cyclist when overtaking. It is important to make sure whatís happening behind you and that you can see far enough ahead.
- Never rush to beat an oncoming vehicle when turning into right. if you have to rush there always a risk involved and you should never put yourself and your vehicle into a situation you havenít seen before.
Normally position your vehicle well to the left, on a road of reasonable width, your normal position should be about a metre from the kerb-or even a little farther out if there are lard puddles and pedestrians or cyclist around, On narrow roads you may have to drive a little nearer the edge of the road and you need to adjust you speed according to the situation and the presence of any other road user, On left bends keep into the centre of your lane ,on right bends keep to the left to improve your view, Exercise lane discipline and drive in the centre of your lane avoiding straddling the lines. look and plan ahead and select your lane early and when its required to change line apply the MSM routine early
20. Pedestrian Crossing
Dealing with the light controlled crossing is fairly straightforward as you have to obey the light sequences. Anticipate when they are likely to change and apply the MSM routine in good time always stop at stop line and secure your vehicle with parking brake. at zebra crossing its bit more complicated you need to observe the pedestrians movement look and plan well ahead, apply MSM routine and always travelling to the speed which you can stop within the distance, always be patient and only proceed when its safe. Pedestrians have priority anywhere in the road, be ready to anticipate their actions and give them time if possible. Always prepared to give way to cyclist at toucan crossing as well as pedestrians
21. Position/Normal stops
Sometime pupils are under test condition they feel they must stop as soon as they asked to do so however always make sure that you only stop where its legal, safe and convenient.
22. Awareness and planning
Pedestrians donít always do as they should and normally pedestrian donít read highway codes. always expect the unexpected and in any area where there is pedestrians activities try to anticipate what might happen and always check your mirror. For cyclist give them extra room and much clearance they are unpredictable and could wobble into your path at any time. Always check to your sides before moving off in queues in traffic. Drivers are pedestrians on wheel they donít always act as they should .that they know the rules doesnít mean they will always apply them. look and plan all round, watching out and allowing for drivers, moving off changing lanes or stopping suddenly ,cutting corners, turning across your path, taking priority when it should be yours, not using signals correctly following you too closely, not obeying traffic signs and signals.
23. Ancillary controls
Pupils should maintain constant all round visibility in their vehicles. Without needing to look down at the controls, use the washer/wipers, demisters and fan as necessary. Always try to switch off air conditioner when windows are open. For normal driving ,having the window open in hot weather causes drag and will use more fuel then the air conditioning unit does.